- Human rights are enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and its Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948). Europe also has its own Convention of Human Rights, which has been ratified by most European countries. The Convention includes the following rights, which Roma are being denied in many European countries:- Article 2: Right to Life. Police and private security guards in eastern Europe are shooting and killing without justification young Roma (even children) who commit minor crimes, for example, theft of wood from a forest.- Article 3: Prohibition of Degrading Treatment. Also in many eastern European countries, police are subjecting Roma to degrading treatment. In Romania, for example, they have been arrested, made to clean the police station, and then sent away without being charged with any crime.- Article 8: Right to Respect for Private and Family Life. There is discrimination in housing, including attempts to set up "ghet-toes," for example, in Slovakia and Spain. Shanty towns have been destroyed without any alternative accommodation being offered in Greece, Italy, and Serbia. Roma living in caravans are being forced to give up nomadizing in France, Great Britain, and Ireland where central government policies to help the nomadic Roma with a supply of caravan sites are being thwarted by local authorities. • Protocol 1, Article 2: Right to Education. Roma children are put into "special schools" for mentally and physically handicapped pupils even though they are normal. Hungary and Slovakia are guilty in this respect. The children cannot then take the normal school-leaving examinations and go on to further study or technical courses.
Historical dictionary of the Gypsies . Donald Kenrick.
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