Romani Language
   The Romani language belongs to the North Indian group and is close to Punjabi and Hindi. It was brought to Europe by the Gypsies and has retained more of its earlier structure than the modern Indian languages. The sound system includes up to four aspirated consonants. There are five or six cases, and verbs have a number of tenses. Words are inflected to show changes of tense, person, gender, and case. There are masculine and feminine genders.
   Romani is taught at ENALCO (Paris University V), Charles University in Prague, Bucharest University, Manchester University, United Kingdom, and some other colleges and schools. It remained largely a spoken language until the 19th century, when it began to be written. In accordance with the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, and Sweden officially recognize Romani as a minority language.

Historical dictionary of the Gypsies . .

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  • Romani language — language familycolor=Indo European name=Romani nativename=romani ćhib states=The speakers of Romani are scattered throughout the world speakers=4.8 million fam2=Indo Iranian fam3=Indo Aryan fam4=Central Zone nation=recognised as minority language …   Wikipedia

  • Romani Language Origins —    During the 1700s, a Hungarian pastor named Istvan Vályi, when at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, met some fellow students from west India s Malabar coast. They made a list of more than a thousand Sanskrit words for him, which the… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Dialects, Romani Language —    At the time of the Gypsies arrival in Europe there were perhaps two main dialects of the Romani language (Romani and Sinti), but since then different clans have developed separate features that may have been present in the speech of some… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Romani — relates or may refer to: * Girolamo Romani, an Italian painter. * Romani , a common Christian name for a girl. * Romani , a style of Pottery, featuring browns, blacks and tans in a simple pattern. * români, the plural form of the Romanian word… …   Wikipedia

  • Romani studies — is an emerging interdisciplinary ethnic studies field concerned with the experiences of the Romani people. Romani studies drawn on aspects of sociology, anthropology, linguistics and political science. Particular areas of focus include the… …   Wikipedia

  • Romani people — For other uses, see Romani (disambiguation). Romani people Rromane dźene Romani flag created in 1933 a …   Wikipedia

  • Romani people by country — Distribution of the Romani people in Europe (2007 Council of Europe average estimates , totalling 9.8 million)[1][dead link] * The size of the wheel …   Wikipedia

  • Romani alphabets — The Romani language has for most of its history been an entirely oral language, with no written form in common use. Although the first example of written Romani dates from 1542,[1] it is not until the twentieth century that vernacular writing by… …   Wikipedia

  • Romani — Rromani Rromani chib Nombre de locuteurs 1,5 million (estimation) Typologie SVO Classification par famille   langues indo européennes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Romani —    1) Originally a feminine adjective formed from Rom, the term most Gypsies use for themselves. It is replacing the old English spelling Romany. (Check also for entries listed under ROMANY, as both spellings are still widely used.)    2) The… …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

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