Estonia


Estonia
   Estimated Gypsy population: 1,000 (mainly immigrants after 1945). The first record of a Gypsy in the territory of present-day Estonia dates from 1533 when the presence of at least two Gypsies in Tallinn was noted. Estonia was under the rule of various countries until 1918, and their laws would have applied. Numbers have never been high, and during the Nazi period, the German occupiers murdered almost all the Gypsies in 1941-1943. The dead included all the Lajenge Roma, a distinct clan with their own dialect of Romani. The Estonian writer Tuglas Friedbert is of Romany origin.

Historical dictionary of the Gypsies . .

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ESTONIA — (Est. Esti), independent state from the 1990s, after the breakup of the Soviet Union, bordering on the gulfs of Finland and Riga. Estonia was an independent republic from 1918 to 1940. From 1940 to the dissolution of the U.S.S.R., with an… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Estonia — often said to be from a Germanic source akin to east, but perhaps rather from a native name meaning waterside dwellers …   Etymology dictionary

  • Estonia — [e stō′nē ə, estōn′yə] country in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: from 1940 to 1991 it was a republic of the U.S.S.R.: 17,413 sq mi (45,099 sq km); pop. 1,566,000; cap. Tallinn: formerly, Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic …   English World dictionary

  • Estonia — Infobox Country native name = et. Eesti Vabariik conventional long name = Republic of Estonia common name = Estonia national anthem = Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm (English: en. My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy ) map caption = map caption|location …   Wikipedia

  • Estonia — /e stoh nee euh, e stohn yeuh/, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of the Gulf of Finland: an independent republic 1918 40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 1,444,721; 17,413 sq. mi. (45,100 sq. km). Cap.:… …   Universalium

  • Estonia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Estonia <p></p> Background: <p></p> After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the …   The World Factbook

  • Estonia — La República de Estonia está situada en el noreste de Europa y forma parte de la Unión Europea (UE). Linda con el Mar Báltico al oeste, el Golfo de Finlandia al norte, el estado báltico de Letonia al sur y Rusia al este. * * * (Eesti) ► Estado de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Estonia —    Following the pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in August 1939, the Baltic states of Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania became part of the Soviet sphere of influence in the region. In August 1940, Estonia was annexed as a… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Estonia —    The Roman Catholic Church became the dominant force in Estonia between the 10th and the 13th centuries, though the Eastern orthodox presence is almost as ancient.    Estonia s geographical position near Germany ensured that Lutheranism would… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism


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