Burgenland
   Province in the east of Austria. Many Gypsies were settled there by Empress Maria Theresa. During the 1930s their economic position as casual farm workers was becoming difficult, and friction arose with local Austrians competing for work. They were among the first to be interned by the Nazis after Germany annexed Austria in 1938. Most perished in Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Chelmno, or Ravensbrück. There is a small surviving population, but few of the children speak Romani. A cultural center was set up in recent years. Attempts are being made with the help of the University of Graz to preserve the dialect (known as Roman) as a written language.

Historical dictionary of the Gypsies . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burgenland — Gradišće Felsőőrvidék Landesflagge Landeswappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BURGENLAND — BURGENLAND, one of the federal states of Austria, on the Hungarian border. Located in Burgenland were the seven communities (sheva kehillot), noted for their outstanding yeshivot and eminent rabbis: eisenstadt (Hung. Kismarton; Heb. א״ש),… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Burgenland — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Burgenland Estado de  Austria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burgenland — es uno de los nueve estados en que esta dividida Austria. Cuenta con su propio gobierno central. * * * ► Estado federal del E de Austria, fronterizo con Hungría; 3 965 km2 y 273 541 h. Cap., Eisenstadt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bùrgenland — m njemački naziv za Gradišće, {{001f}}{{c=1}}v …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Burgenland — Bùrgenland m DEFINICIJA njem. naziv za Gradišće …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Burgenland — This article is about the Austrian state Burgenland. For the German district, see Burgenlandkreis. Burgenland Gradišće Őrvidék   State of Austria   …   Wikipedia

  • Burgenland — 47°30′0″N 16°25′0″E / 47.5, 16.41667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Burgenland — Bụr|gen|land, das; [e]s: österreichisches Bundesland. Dazu: Bụr|gen|län|der, der; Bụr|gen|län|de|rin, die; bụr|gen|län|disch <Adj.>. * * * Bụrgenland,   das östlichste Bundesland Österreichs, 3 966 km2, (1999) 279 800 Einwohner. Das… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Burgenland —    As its name, which means Land of Castles, implies, the modern Austrian province of the Burgenland is both historically and geographically a border area. It was called that, however, only after 1919 and referred to the four counties of Hungary… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Burgenland — Ger. /boordd geuhn lahnt /, n. a province in E Austria, bordering Hungary. 272,274; 1530 sq. mi. (3960 sq. km). Cap.: Eisenstadt. * * * ▪ state, Austria       Bundesland (federal state), eastern Austria, bordering Hungary on the east, and… …   Universalium

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